The most common wood countertop you know as butcher block, those thick hardwood maple surfaces that every knife-wielding chef dreams about. Butcher blocks generally vary in thickness between 1¼ and 6 inches, and are made of stacked and glued hard maple pieces; the exposed end grain is the cutting surface. Other woods such as cherry, teak and walnut can be used, though they're generally chosen more for their decorative effect or used on a hutch.
Quick tip: Considering a butcher block island? Hang a pot rack overhead to make food prep even easier-chop those veggies and put them right in the pot!
Won't dull knife blades
Provides a convenient, built-in chopping/food prep area
After heavy usage, in many cases knife marks can be removed by sanding and re-oiling
Should be periodically re-oiled
Shows knife marks
Prone to water damage so it shouldn't be placed near the sink without several coats of sealant
According to butcher block great John Boos, it's important to periodically apply a non-toxic mineral oil appropriate for kitchen use with a rag. Never use harsh detergents to clean, and follow your manufacturer's guidelines.
About $40-$150 per square foot.