Choosing a Water & Energy Efficiency Unit
Dishwashers spend most of their energy on heating water.
It's true; using a dishwasher consumes less water and energy than washing dishes by hand and letting the water run. Just be sure you get an energy- and water-efficient dishwasher to be extra safe.
To compare the efficiency of your options, look for the yellow and black EnergyGuide label. In addition to noting the specific model's estimated annual energy usage and estimated annual dollar operating cost, the label also includes low and high estimates for similar appliances.
The energy efficiency of dishwashers is measured by the average number of cycles they go through per kilowatt hour per year. This is called the Energy Factor, or EF, and the higher it is, the more efficient the dishwasher. Per federal appliance standards, a standard dishwasher (one that holds at least eight place settings and six serving pieces) must have an EF of 0.46, while a compact dishwasher must have a 0.62 EF.
Dishwashers that qualify for the Energy Star program-signified by a blue-and-white logo featuring a star-exceed the federal efficiency guidelines by 41 percent, for an EF of 0.65 for standard dishwashers and 0.88 for compact models. The Energy Star Web site, www.energystar.gov, offers more information about home energy efficiency, including special offers or rebates and a list of Energy Star qualified appliances.
A dishwasher's energy is spent mostly on heating up the water. Dishwashers vary in how much water they use, depending both on the model and the cycle selected. The amount ranges from 3 to 15 gallons per load, with an average of about 9 gallons, according to the American Water Works Association. The more water the dishwasher uses, the more energy that is being used.
Features that make a dishwasher more energy efficient include:
- A No Heat drying cycle. Using this setting can reduce a home's energy bill by 1 percent.
- Wash cycle options such as Light, Short or Energy Saver.
- Dirt or soil sensors that adjust the cycle based on the dish load and amount of food particles in the dishwasher.
You also can save energy by:
- Washing full loads.
- Air drying dishes
Courtesy of Kalamazoo Outdoor Gourmet
This hybrid grill allows you to cook with gas, charcoal or wood.
Pellet grills, which are fueled by small wood pellets, can be used as grills or as smokers, and may be portable or freestanding. Wood pellets come in various flavors and can enhance the taste of your food. Bruce Bjorkman, who works for pellet grill manufacturer Traeger, says that pellet grills are free from flare ups and pellets burn more efficiently than charcoal or gas. He adds, "Because our (Traeger) grills burn at an efficiency rate of 98.8 percent, our carbon footprint is very small."
Some high-end grills have hybrid fuel systems and can use gas, charcoal and even wood. Currently, you should expect to pay in the four-figure range for models that give you multiple fuel options. But this technology should eventually be available at a lower price range.
"We suspect that dual-fuel technology will trickle down to moderately priced, just like infrared technology did," says Deidra Darsa of the Hearth, Patio and Barbecue Association (HPBA).
General Upkeep and Cleaning of Your Grill
Courtesy of The Grillery
This grill features sloped grates that channel away most food residue, which makes cleaning easier.
Performing general maintenance and cleaning your grill on a regular basis will help maximize its longevity.
Anyone who has watched fat and grease drip onto burners and stick to grates knows that cleaning your grill after each use is imperative.
Much like self-cleaning ovens, many grills can be cleaned by closing the lid and cranking up the heat, which turns most of the residue to ash.
You'll also need to clean off the grates-a good wire brush will usually do the trick, just make sure it is soft enough to not scratch the grates or chip off enamel.
Cleaning out the bottom of your grill can be a bigger task than just brushing off the grates, especially if you let residue build up at the bottom of your grill for a few weeks. To avoid this mess, some gas grills feature drip trays. These trays catch food drippings and can be easily removed and clean after cooking.
A more detailed cleaning and check up of your grill should take place at least one time during each grilling season, but ideally closer to monthly.
"We believe grills should be cleaned after every use, and a complete detail and check up should be performed at least once a month," says Rich Kalsi, president of Capital Cooking, a manufacturer that specializes in high-end grills and other cooking appliances. "A check up means adjusting the burners, checking orifices for deterioration, ensuring the valves turn smoothly and making sure there are no loose connections in the wiring. You would be amazed how many consumers aren't shy about spending $7,000 for a grill but refuse to perform the necessary 'labor of love' to ensure their machines are performing as they should be."
An Introduction to Charcoal Types
Courtesy of Weber
A basic charcoal grill can impart a great deal of flavor.
Charcoal grills obviously use charcoal as a fuel source, but there are different options.
According to the Hearth Patio and Barbecue Association (HPBA), 90 percent of charcoal grillers use charcoal briquettes. The uniform shape of briquettes allows them to heat up evenly, and they are also easy to stack and arrange within the grill. Briquettes are also made to last longer than traditional charcoal, which is achieved by adding additives such as nitrate.
Natural lump charcoal, made from the carbon residue that results from charring wood, is free of any additives. "Lump charcoal lights faster and burns hotter (than briquettes)," says Deidra Darsa, the media relations manager for the HPBA. "It also comes in different wood species, such as mesquite, that add flavor to food."
Lump charcoal does not come in neat, easy to manage shapes. A bag of lump charcoal generally has varying sizes of charcoal chunks, which can make it more difficult to use.
Charcoal grills may be found in portable and freestanding models. Portable grills have casters that allow them to move easily. Freestanding grills can be moved if necessary and usually sit apart from other outdoor appliances.
The lack of built-in charcoal grills is one reason why people with dedicated outdoor kitchens usually prefer gas grills. However, some high end charcoal grills can be built into custom enclosures.
Fire it up!
Having a charcoal grill means making a fire on your own terms. Before you go nuts with the lighter fluid — which, according to the HPBA, 50 percent of people use to light their charcoal grill — consider a few things:
Squirting too much lighter fluid over your charcoal can result in your food having a chemical taste: more specifically, tasting like lighter fluid.
Chimney starters provide a chemical-free alternative for lighting charcoal. These large metal cylinders usually cost between $10 and $20, and allow your charcoal to heat up evenly. Just stuff the chimney starter full of charcoal and some newspaper, light the paper with a match, and then wait for your coals to heat up before dumping them in the grill pit.
Propane or Natural Gas?
Courtesy of Capital Cooking
Gas grill burners can take various shapes, like the pictured w-shape burner.
Gas grills are fuelled by either propane or natural gas.
Propane is portable and comes in economically priced cylinders. The cylinder is easy to install, is refillable, and does not require an installation expert to hook up. What makes propane popular compared to natural gas is its portability. If you choose to get a new grill or rearrange your layout, this type of fuel is easy to manage.
Natural gas grills are similar to gas cooktops and ranges, and eliminate the inconvenience of having to swap out propane tanks. They are also cheaper to operate than propane and have an always-on connection. If you do not have a natural gas line running to your home, you will need a public utility and a contractor to install one. From there, a natural gas outlet can be installed on the side of your home, and you can run a hose from your grill to the outlet. Using this method can make it easier to move your grill if necessary. If you run a natural gas line directly to your grill, once it is installed, the grill cannot be moved. This choice is best saved for those who are building a dedicated outdoor kitchen, not just buying a grill.
The amount of heat a gas grill generates is measured in Btus (British thermal units). A basic grill will start out around 15,000 to 25,000 Btus. The higher you go with features and grill size, the higher your Btu rating will be. A high-end, built-in grill will likely produce up to 60,000 Btus or more.
Typical gas grills will have between one and four burners, although some higher end grills will have more. Burners control the amount of heat applied to the food. One burner provides less control than multiple burners, simply because multiple burners allow for both direct and indirect cooking. Many high end grills shape their burners in unique ways to maximize heat distribution and provide a more effective way to grill with indirect heat.
Propane gas grills are typically freestanding and do not need brick or ceramic surrounds, although they can be built into a custom enclosure. They come with a cabinet or a cart base. The cart is especially handy in locations with cold winters, where you'll want to move the grill inside for part of the year.
Natural gas grills can be freestanding or built-in. (Either way, they need to be close to the gas hookup.) Although they look like standard gas cooktops or rangetops, built-in grills should be installed in a stone, brick or other non-combustible enclosure. If the enclosure is made from combustible material, the grill will require a liner or surround. For a permanent outdoor kitchen, most homeowners choose a built-in grill.
the heat is on
Cost, Flavor and Convenience
Courtesy of Weber Grills
A high performance gas grill, like the one pictured, allows for fast and efficient cooking.
Conversations about outdoor cooking usually start with the grill. But that conversation can quickly turn into a debate when figuring out what type of grill to use: gas or charcoal.
While barbecue and grilling fanatics can argue over this for hours, casual grillers should be able to make a selection based on the following factors:
Basic charcoal grills can be had for anywhere from $50 to $200, while higher end ones usually won't exceed $500.
You would be hard pressed to find a regular-size gas grill for less than $200, and gas grills with lots of features can hit the five-figure mark.
Many chefs believe that charcoal grills provide better flavor, due to the smoky aroma that saturates food courtesy of the charcoals. Charcoal is even available in specific flavors, like mesquite.
On the other hand, the gas in gas grills does not impart flavor. On gas grills, food juices can drip between the grates, burn off, and then release smoke, which may provide minimal flavor.
Convenience and Ease of Use:
Gas grills heat up considerably faster than their charcoal counterparts, and their heat can be regulated through the turn of a knob.
The heat produced by charcoal grills cannot be controlled easily, which means you have to be an extremely attentive griller and watch for temperature fluctuations.
Starting your fire on a charcoal grill is a somewhat laborious process, as it involves placing and replacing charcoals to ensure a steady supply of heat. Some gas grills, on the other hand, can start with a push of a button.
Weber Grill's 18th Annual GrillWatch survey found that 67 percent of grill owners have a gas grill. However, the study also showed that 50 percent of all grill owners have a charcoal grill. If you have the space and the money for one of each, you can use one or the other when the situation calls for it.
Things to Think About When Selecting Outdoor Appliances
Courtesy of Viking
Whether you're choosing a grill or planning a posh outdoor kitchen, keep in mind how much outdoor space you have and how many ways you need to use it.
To help focus your selection process, ask yourself the following questions. You also can print out the questionnaire and refer to it while visiting an appliance showroom or retail store.
What times of year will I be able to cook or dine outdoors?
What kind of cooking will I want to do outdoors? How often, and what types of food?
What kind of entertaining do I do? Large groups or small?
Do I want a charcoal, gas or hybrid grill? Do I want a grill I need to monitor closely or one I can walk away from?
Do I prefer a standard black or stainless steel grill, or do I want one with distinctive style?
Do I need professional-style features, or are standard options acceptable?
Will my grill require a ventilation system?
Do I have the proper gas, plumbing and electric hook-ups for a built-in grill, icemaker, refrigerator or other outdoor appliance?
How much outdoor space do I have? How much of it can I dedicate to cooking?
Will food and beverage prep and cleanup take place outside as well?
Are environmental considerations such as energy and water savings important to me?
Will I need to be able to move the outdoor appliances, or can they be permanently installed?
Do I need specialty items such as a warming drawer or beverage chiller?
The Center of Outdoor Cooking
Courtesy of Fuego
Certain grills, like the Fuego 01 pictured here, can be the social center of your outdoor kitchen.
Yes, it's true: the outdoor kitchen isn't only about grills anymore. But don't kid yourself; there isn't another outdoor appliance as essential as a grill. It is the focal point of any al fresco cooking space, and for serious grillers, it's a showpiece and a source of pride.
But before you get to brag to your friends about your new outdoor cooking machine, and before you invite everyone over for brats and burgers, you have some choices to make. Modern grills can have as many options as modern cars, and figuring out what you really need can be difficult.
However, with the proper knowledge, finding the grill you want can be as exciting as removing a perfectly cooked steak from the grates. So read on, and get ready to grill.
Additional Outdoor Appliance Options
Courtesy of Viking
Other appliances like warming drawers make for a more complete outdoor kitchen.
While grills are still the dominant outdoor cooking species, there are other appliances to help you achieve outdoor kitchen nirvana. Outdoor kitchens can be as big or as small as you prefer. If you are planning a permanent outdoor kitchen — one with an island where a grill, warming drawer or oven can be built in — you'll want to take into consideration the sizes of the appliances before you begin building.
Baking outdoors? With today's outdoor wall ovens, as well as stone hearth and artisan ovens, you can bake fresh bread right next to your grilled salmon. A built-in outdoor convection oven will typically be around 18 inches wide by 18 inches deep; expect to pay about $2,000. Designer Ann Porter, of Kitchen Studio of Naples in Naples, Fla., points to pizza ovens as a "must-have" item for the outdoor kitchen owner who has it all: "These ovens are great for entertaining small crowds or large parties."
Keep Your Outdoor Kitchen Cool
Courtesy of Perlick
Outdoor cooling appliances such as kegerators and refrigerators can make your outdoor kitchen fully equipped for entertaining.
It's hard to imagine cooking and eating outdoors without having an ice-cold beverage to sip. If you spend a significant amount of time outside, you may want to indulge in the convenience of an outdoor refrigerator to store wine, soda and salsa.
In the $300 price range, you'll get a basic 3-cubic-foot unit with a stainless or stainless-look door.
For $1,500 to $2,000, you can purchase a stainless-steel, 5.5 to 6.1-cubic-foot refrigerator with auto-defrost, a glass door and the ability to make ice. You can also purchase refrigerator drawers made for outdoor use.
Other items, like outdoor wine refrigerators and beer dispensers (also known as "kegerators") can help transform your outdoor kitchen into an outdoor bar when the occasion calls for it. Most outdoor wine fridges are about 24 inches wide and deep, although other larger and smaller sizes are available. Outdoor beer dispensers are meant for either quarter-barrel "pony kegs" or half barrels.
And when it comes to providing large quanities of ice, frequent party hosts should consider a separate icemaker to generate plenty of it. An undercounter icemaker that dispenses 25 to 50 pounds of ice within a 24-hour period runs from $850 to $1,400.