Key Principles for Universal Design
Courtesy of Center for Real Life Kitchen Design at Virginia Tech
Universal design accommodates a range of abilities and minimizes physical effort.
The Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University offers the following seven principles as guidelines for making design decisions.
Equitable Use: The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.
Flexibility in Use: The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
Simple and Intuitive Use: Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
Perceptible Information: The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of walking ability or the user's sight and hearing abilities.
Tolerance for Error: The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
Low Physical Effort: The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.
Size and Space for Approach and Use: Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of the user's body size, posture, or mobility.